Advances in satellite communication, and its availability in Africa (some countries on the continent have their own communications satellites) has meant that some local television stations are now viewed outside their terrestrial broadcast areas. Submarine fibre cables are gradually changing the face of communications in Africa and bringing faster and more reliable Internet connectivity to most countries on the continent. The challenge is to continue the advance of fibre inland. Much of the fibre being laid is without redundancy, so it is great when it works, but there is always the concern that you need satellite back up.
VSAT Providers covering Africa Onlime GmbH (www.onlime.com)
Digital media and internet
Digital media and internet are increasingly part of the African media landscape. One specific development worth mentioning, is the rise of mobile reporting. Journalists across the continent are increasingly using the mobile phone as their primary reporting tool needed to collect text, photo and video. This content is often distributed via the internet and is an early example of convergence in the internet and mobile medium.
Pan African community based websites are also emerging on the scene and reflect trends in the Web 2.0 movement seen in other parts of the world.
A 24-hour pan-African news and information channel called A24 will start broadcasting from Nairobi in 2008 by satellite and the internet.
Historically, Nigeria has boasted one of the most free and resilient newspaper presses of any African country, even under its past military dictatorships, most of whom have shown an intolerance of the press. In the rest of the continent, vibrant journalism is also getting to be the order of the day. As in more developed countries, many journalists, in a bid to uphold the integrity of the profession, have preferred to go to jail rather than betray the confidentiality of a source.
In 2005, journalists representing 23 African nations met in Cameroon and established the Society for the Development of Media in Africa (Société pour le Développement des Médias Africains, SDMA)
including Other radio stations of NBC operate in several local languages
Hitradio Namibia: first commercial German-language radio station in Namibia, broadcasting in the central and coastal areas as well as by a live stream.
Channel 7: Broadcasting on 104.5 FM in Windhoek. Christian community station. The widest reach (number of transmitters throughout the country) of any Namibian radio station (except Namibian Broadcasting Corporation).
Katutura Community Radio: Broadcasts on 106.2 FM in Windhoek. Community radio station based in a Windhoek suburb – Katutura.
Radio Maria – 88.5 FM Chipata & 94.5 FM Nyimba District
Radio Phoenix 89.5 FM – Lusaka (100.5 FM – Kitwe)
Sun FM Zambia 88.5 Ndola City
Zambezi FM 107.7 ( Livingstone, Kazungula, Zimba and parts of Kalomo, including the added parts into Zimbabwe hinterlands, Botswana and Namibia making it the only Zambian commercial radio station that broadcasting in Nambia)
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